ALARP at a glance This guide has been produced to explain the concept of "reasonably practicable" in a simple way for HSE staff and incorporates guidance currently held on HSE's website.
It's aimed mainly at staff new to HSE and those new to decision making.is short for low as reasonably practicable is short for far as is reasonably practicable The two terms mean essentially the same thing and at their core is the concept of practicable this involves weighing a risk against the trouble, time and money needed to control it. Thus, ALARP describes the level to which we expect to see workplace risks controlled.How we use ALARPUsing practicable allows us to set goals for duty holders, rather than being prescriptive. This flexibility is a great advantage but it has its drawbacks, too. Deciding whether a risk is ALARP can be challenging because it requires duty holders and us to exercise judgement. In the great majority of cases, we can decide by referring to existing practice that has been established by a process of discussion with stakeholders to achieve a consensus about what is ALARP. For high hazards, complex or novel situations, we build on good practice, using more formal decision making techniques, including cost benefit analysis, to inform our judgement.Why do I need to know about ALARP?The concept of practicable lies at the heart of the British health and safety system. It is a key part of the general duties of the Health and Safety at Work etc. HSC policy is that any proposed regulatory action (Regulations, ACOPs, guidance, campaigns, etc.) should be based on what is reasonably practicable. different from what is ALARP).Because ALARP is fundamental to the work of the whole organisation, it is oakley type sunglasses important that everyone, whatever their role, knows about it. Here are some specific reasons for you to know about ALARP and its relationship with good purple oakley sunglasses practice, but this is not an exhaustive list.Policy makers and those engaged in Programme delivery need to know about ALARP because when you make proposals for HSC/E action to control health or safety risks, you need to make sure that, as far as possible, those controls will reduce the risks to employees (or other people, as the case may be) ALARP.Enforcers need to know about ALARP because you will have to decide whether duty holders have reduced their risks ALARP and so have complied with the law.Technical specialists in HSE need to know about ALARP because you advise colleagues in HSE about whether control measures reduce risks ALARP and you help identify standards of risk control that are ALARP.What is meant by reasonably practicable?You may come across it as SFAIRP ( far as is reasonably practicable or ALARP ( low as reasonably practicable SFAIRP is the term most often used in the Health and Safety at Work etc Act and in Regulations. ALARP is the term used by risk specialists, and duty holders are more likely to know it. We use ALARP in this guidance. In HSE view, the two terms are interchangeable except if you are drafting formal legal documents when you must use the correct legal phrase.The definition set out by the Court of Appeal (in its judgment in Edwards v. National Coal Board,  1 All ER 743) is:practicable is a narrower term than possible a computation must be made by the owner in which the quantum of risk is placed on one scale and the sacrifice involved in the measures necessary for averting the risk (whether in money, time or trouble) is placed in the other, and that, if it be shown that there is a gross disproportion between them the risk being insignificant in relation to the sacrifice the defendants discharge the onus on them. In essence, making sure oakley prescription a risk has been reduced ALARP is about weighing the risk against the sacrifice needed to further reduce it. The decision is weighted in favour of health and safety because the presumption is that the duty holder should implement the risk reduction measure. To avoid having to make this sacrifice, the duty holder must be able to show that it would be grossly disproportionate to the benefits of risk reduction that would be achieved. Thus, the process is not one of balancing the costs and benefits of measures but, rather, of adopting measures except where they are ruled out because they involve oakley for sale cheap grossly disproportionate sacrifices. Extreme examples might be:To spend to prevent five staff suffering bruised knees is obviously grossly disproportionate; butTo spend to prevent a major explosion capable of killing 150 people is obviously proportionate.Of course, in reality many decisions about risk and the controls that achieve ALARP are not so obvious. Factors come into play such as ongoing costs set against remote chances of one off events, or daily expense and supervision time required to ensure that, for example, employees wear ear defenders set against a chance of developing hearing loss at some time in the future. It requires judgment. There is no simple formula for computing what is ALARP.It can get very complicated. More detailed ALARP suite of guidance and your (where available) explains how to deal with some of these complications. an object, a property of a substance, a phenomenon or an activity) that can cause adverse effects. For example:Water on a staircase is a hazard, because you could slip on it, fall and hurt yourself.
Loud noise is a hazard because it can cause hearing loss.Breathing in asbestos dust is a hazard because it can cause cancer.Definition of a riskThe annual risk of a worker in Great Britain experiencing a fatal accident [effect] at work [hazard] is less than one in 100,000 [likelihood].
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