Antabuse disulfiram What is it used for?Antabuse is used in the treatment of alcoholism.
It helps to deter people from drinking alcohol. How does it work?Antabuse tablets contain the active ingredient disulfiram, which is a type of medicine called an aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitor. It is prescribed to recovering alcoholics to help them abstain from drinking alcohol. If someone taking this medicine drinks alcohol, it quickly causes a severe, unpleasant and potentially dangerous reaction and knowledge of this fact can help to stop people from drinking. Disulfiram works by interfering with the way the body metabolises alcohol. Alcohol is broken down in the body to a compound called acetaldehyde. This is then normally broken down further by an enzyme in the oakley sunglasses official website liver called aldehyde dehydrogenase. Disulfiram stops this enzyme from working. This means that when alcohol is consumed, the body can't process it normally. Instead, acetaldehyde builds up in the bloodstream. High levels of acetaldehyde act directly on the heart and blood vessels, causing flushing, a racing heartbeat and a drop in blood pressure that causes dizziness. Other unpleasant symptoms include a throbbing headache, shortness of breath, palpitations, nausea and vomiting. This reaction to alcohol is often called the disulfiram reaction and is usually enough to deter people from having another drink. The disulfiram alcohol reaction occurs within ten minutes of ingesting alcohol and may last for several hours. It can be potentially dangerous. For some people, knowing that they can't drink alcohol without having this reaction is what is needed to help them not give in to temptation in a weak moment. When starting this medicine you must not have drunk alcohol for at least 24 hours. You must not drink alcohol for two weeks after stopping the medicine, as the reaction may still occur in this time. It is important that disulfiram is used in combination with other forms of therapy and good social and psychological support to help you remain alcohol free. How do I take it?Treatment with this medicine is usually started in a hospital or specialised clinic. Take your next dose as usual when it is due. Symptoms include flushing, a racing heartbeat, dizziness, throbbing headache, shortness of breath, palpitations, nausea and vomiting. You should always check the ingredients and avoid those that contain alcohol. If affected you should avoid doing potentially hazardous activities such as driving or operating machinery. Please inform your doctor or pharmacist if you have previously experienced such an allergy. If you feel you have experienced an allergic reaction, stop using this medicine and inform your doctor or pharmacist immediately. Pregnancy and breastfeedingCertain medicines should not be used during pregnancy or breastfeeding. However, other medicines may be safely used in pregnancy or breastfeeding providing the benefits to the mother outweigh the risks to the unborn baby. Always inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning a sunglasses oakley outlet pregnancy, before using any medicine. This medicine should only be used during pregnancy if the expected benefit to the mother and developing baby is greater than the possible risk to the baby. It should be avoided in the first trimester. For this reason it should not be used by breastfeeding mothers, particularly if there is a chance that it may have a reaction with any old style oakley sunglasses medicines that the baby is taking. Seek further medical advice from your doctor. Label warningsThis medication may cause drowsiness. If affected do not drive or operate machinery. Avoid alcoholic drink. Side effectsMedicines and their possible side effects oakley reflective sunglasses can affect individual people in different ways. The following are some of the side effects that are known to be associated with this medicine. Just because a side effect is stated here, it does not mean that all people using this medicine will experience that or any side effect. For more information about any other possible risks associated with this medicine, please read the information provided with the medicine or consult your doctor or pharmacist. How can this medicine affect other medicines?It is important to tell your doctor or pharmacist what medicines you are already taking, including those bought without a prescription and herbal medicines, before you start treatment with this medicine.
Similarly, check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking any new medicines while taking this one, to make sure that the combination is safe. Alcohol containing medicines: Certain liquid medicines, remedies, tonics, mouthwashes, toiletries and aerosol sprays may contain sufficient alcohol to cause the disulfiram alcohol reaction. Make sure you check the ingredients or ask your pharmacist for advice before using any of these.
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